Prosecco historical area
Originally, the Prosecco was only cultivated within the area of 15 towns, situated between Conegliano and Valdobbiadene. This area, which is difficult to cultivate because of its steep slopes, was always able to achieve, season after season, ever better quality levels, which consequently lead to its increasing world fame.
This cultivation, which is part of the culture of the people of this land for over 300 years, knew how to attain Controlled Designation of Origin (DOC) in 1969 and then, in 2009, reach an even higher level in the industry: the Controlled and Guaranteed Designation of Origin (DOCG), which is the greatest triumph of the Prosecco and for this reason it is defined as “Superior”.
Outside of this area we can find Prosecco DOC which is extended to farther territories such as the region of Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia.
DOCG vs DOC
The Controlled Designation of Origin (DOC) is a trademark that indicates the area of origin (as well as demarcated) of the grapes harvested and used to make a certain wine. This concerns a high quality product, that must respect certain criteria during production (such as alcohol content, organoleptic characteristics, and fermentation in the barrel) which is established by a ministerial order. Only the wines that respect the guidelines prescribed by this administrative declaration can be designated DOC.
DOCG, on the other hand, which means Controlled and Guaranteed Designation of Origin, is a trademark that identifies the geographical origin of a wine and can only be attributed to those particularly prestigious wines that have been considered DOC for at least 5 years. It is an even higher level of quality that involves even more restrictions before bottling. Among which is a rigid chemical-organoleptic control and a sensory analysis carried out by a commission of experts (source: www.iprosecco.it)